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Quick Guide

Acari (mites)
Amphipoda (landhoppers)
Araneae (spiders)
Chilopoda (centipedes)
Collembola (springtails)
Diplopoda (millipedes)
Isopoda (slaters)
Insecta (insects)
Mollusca (slugs & snails)
Oligochaeta (earthworms)
Onychophora (peripatus)
Opiliones (harvestmen)
Turbellaria (flatworms)


Dr. Maria Minor
Wildlife & Ecology Group
Massey University
Palmerston North
New Zealand

+64-06-356-9099 ext.84833

New Zealand Terrestrial & Freshwater Biodiversity Information System (TFBIS). Find out more...


The Guide to NZ Soil and Litter Invertebrates was supported by the Terrestrial and Freshwater Biodiversity Information System (TFBIS) Programme. The TFBIS Programme is funded by the New Zealand Government to help to achieve the goals of the New Zealand Biodiversity Strategy, and is administered by the New Zealand Department of Conservation. The site is hosted by Massey University, New Zealand.

The following researchers and students have contributed their expertise and help: Dr. Gary Barker (NZ Landcare Research, Hamilton), Ms. Jessica Costall (Massey University, NZ), Dr. Penelope Greenslade (Biosecurity Australia), Dr. Hugh Jones (NHM, UK), Dr. Peter Johns (Canterbury Museum, NZ), Dr. Steve Kerr (University of Otago, NZ), Adj. Prof. Dr. Gabor L Lovei (Aarhus University, Denmark), Dr. Jay McCartney (Massey University, NZ), Dr. Robert Mesibov (University of Tasmania), Dr. Robert Raven (Queensland Museum, Australia), Prof. Hilke Ruhberg (Biozentrum Grindel und Zoologisches Museum, Germany), Dr. Ian Stringer (NZ Department of Conservation), Dr. Sebastián Vélez (Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, USA), Dr. Cor Vink (AgResearch, Lincoln, NZ), Dr. Gregor Yeates (NZ Landcare Research, Palmerston North). The site is maintained by Dr. Maria Minor (Massey University, NZ).

Links and Resources

If you find any information on this website that you believe may be inaccurate, please send an e-mail to the soilbugs@massey.ac.nz.

Links to other websites are provided for the reference only. We are not responsible for the content or reliability of the linked websites. We cannot guarantee that links to other websites will work all of the time and we have no control over the availability of linked pages. If you find a link on this site that fails to work, please send an e-mail to soilbugs@massey.ac.nz.

How to cite this site

For the entire site:

Minor, M.A., and A.W. Robertson. (2006). Soil Bugs - An Illustrated Guide to New Zealand Soil Invertebrates (updated 20-October-2021), http://soilbugs.massey.ac.nz (27-Oct-2021- substitute your own date of access).

For individual pages (for example, Diplopoda page):

Minor, M.A., and A.W. Robertson. (2006). Diplopoda. Soil Bugs - An Illustrated Guide to New Zealand Soil Invertebrates (updated 20-Oct-2021), http://soilbugs.massey.ac.nz (your date of access).

Please contact us at soilbugs@massey.ac.nz with any queries, concerns, and for further information.


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